Population, Geography and Weather

Nanaimo is located on the southeast side of Vancouver Island, which is off the southwest coast of British Columbia. Vancouver Island is the largest island on the West Coast of North America. The Vancouver Island/Coast region is the second most populous economic region in the province, accounting for 17.6% of the provincial population, covering 9.1% of the total provincial land mass. With a population base of 735,000, Vancouver Island varies from small rural communities to modern urban centres like Nanaimo. The island stretches approximately 500 km long and 200 km wide, with 3,440 km of spectacular coastline that ranges from rugged to sandswept. With a landmass of 32,261 km, Vancouver Island is comparable in size to Holland.

The City of Nanaimo is the second largest urban centre on Vancouver Island and is 23 km (14 miles) west from Vancouver and 113 km (70 miles) north of Victoria, the capital of British Columbia. Nanaimo covers 88.19 sq. km. within the Nanaimo Regional District. The Regional District stretches north to Bowser, south to Cedar and west to Errington, an area of 2041.32 sq. km. Nanaimo accounts for 4.3% of the total land area of the region, but is home to 57.5% of the population and operates as the region’s economic and employment centre.

According to the latest census, the population of Nanaimo was estimated to be 113,132 in 2018. The City of Nanaimo is the most populated municipality outside of Greater Victoria on Vancouver Island. Based on future population projections, strong growth is expected to continue in the Nanaimo area.



Nanaimo has a moderate climate, with over 1,800 hours of bright sunshine each year. During the summer, the average daily high is 21 C (70 F), and during the winter months daily temperatures normally remain above the freezing level.

Last updated: June 18, 2019

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